Evaluating Expert Estimators Based on Elicited Competences

  • Hrvoje Karna Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Arhitecture, University of Split
  • Sven Gotovac Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Arhitecture, University of Split
Keywords: expert effort estimation, competences, elicitation, data mining, evaluation method

Abstract

Utilization of expert effort estimation approach shows promising results when it is applied to software development process. It is based on judgment and decision making process and due to comparative advantages extensively used especially in situations when classic models cannot be accounted for. This becomes even more accentuated in today’s highly dynamical project environment. Confronted with these facts companies are placing ever greater focus on their employees, specifically on their competences. Competences are defined as knowledge, skills and abilities required to perform job assignments. During effort estimation process different underlying expert competences influence the outcome i.e. judgments they express. Special problem here is the elicitation, from an input collection, of those competences that are responsible for accurate estimates. Based on these findings different measures can be taken to enhance estimation process. The approach used in study presented in this paper was targeted at elicitation of expert estimator competences responsible for production of accurate estimates. Based on individual competences scores resulting from performed modeling experts were ranked using weighted scoring method and their performance evaluated. Results confirm that experts with higher scores in competences identified by applied models in general exhibit higher accuracy during estimation process. For the purpose of modeling data mining methods were used, specifically the multilayer perceptron neural network and the classification and regression decision tree algorithms. Among other, applied methods are suitable for the purpose of elicitation as in a sense they mimic the ways human brains operate. Data used in the study was collected from real projects in the company specialized for development of IT solutions in telecom domain. The proposed model, applied methodology for elicitation of expert competences and obtained results give evidence that in future such a model can be used in practice to reduce estimation error and enhance expert effort estimation.

Author Biographies

Hrvoje Karna, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Arhitecture, University of Split
PhD Student at Department of Electronics

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Arhitecture, University of Split

 

Sven Gotovac, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Arhitecture, University of Split
Full Professor at Department of Electronics

Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Arhitecture, University of Split

Published
2015-07-06
Section
Articles